Australia is a land of great diversity and beauty. There are countless species of animals and plants that can only be found here, the landscape is diverse and the people are wonderful. No wonder tourists are invading Australia every year in search of great experiences! You just need to keep an eye on the ‘unwelcoming locals’ that can cause you to shorten your vacation, at best. No need to panic though! These 10 dangerous animals are not to be feared if you respect some simple rules that clearly forbidden you to camp in some areas or to swim in others.
1. The saltwater crocodile
This grouchy fellow is the largest reptile on Earth at this point and it can be found in Northern Australia, especially along the rivers near Darwin. There are thousands of adult crocs in this area so don’t adventure in the wild without the advice of specialized people. Signs should also alert you of their presence in the neighborhood. This is an effort of the authorities to reduce the number of attacks on humans and they do work (only 2 attacks per year are reported) as long as these signs are noticed and respected.
2. The box jellyfish
This amazing creature, gorgeous and dangerous in the same time, is one of the most venomous forms of life on Earth. The box jellyfish is so dangerous because of its transparency and attacking methods that stop you from noticing it until there’s nothing more you can do. Its sting is both awfully painful and lethal. However, if vinegar is applied on the spot, before the toxin reaches the bloodstream, the life of the unfortunate victim may be saved. Also, if the heart stops, CPR is to be applied at once.
3. The white shark
This worldwide known movie star is an amazing animal, fascinating and terrifying in the same time. The great white shark does not consider humans a prey. This is why most attacks recorded are the so called ‘test bites’. Other incidents occurred in waters with low visibility or because the shark has mistaken a surfer with a fish or a seal. However, these explications are not comforting at all, especially when you are dealing with one of these ocean monsters.
4. Irukandji Jellyfish
Irukandji is a species that can mostly be found in Australian waters. It is as small as a thumbnail, but its tentacles may rich even 1 meter. Its venom is very powerful and it represents the cause of a unique series of symptoms called ‘the Irukandji syndrome’. Among these symptoms, there are atrocious pain, a burning sensation of the skin, vomiting, and nausea. Nevertheless, most of the victims survive, especially if they were bitten one time only.
5. The Brown Snake
This is a very poisonous snake of Australia. It can be found on a large territory of the East coast, being common in a variety of landscapes. While this snake usually withdraws rather than attack, it is not odd that it become offensive, if provoked. The bite is rarely deadly for adult humans, since the discovering of the antivenin, but recent cases of children killed by this snake have been reported.
6. Red back spider
The red back spider is another common dweller of Australia of which you should be aware. This local spider can be found in all Australian areas, but it prefers the desert lands mostly. Its poison causes a great deal of pain, but fortunately there is antivenin on the market so that everyone may have it close. The bite is rarely deadly, mostly in the children and elder persons although many people are victims of this spider every year. Other poisonous spiders of Australia include the very aggressive funnel web, the white tail, or the mouse spider.
7. Blue ringed octopus
The blue ringed octopus is an animal which can be found in the South of Australia and in New South Wales. This is one of the most toxic aquatic organisms. They become aggressive when they feel agitated. Despite of being pretty small, this octopus is capable of killing humans and there is no antivenin for its poison yet. If bitten, one experience paralysis that may overtake the entire body. The respiratory muscles are also affected while the victim remains conscious but helpless. The paralyses may take few minutes and artificial respiration is required afterwards.
8. The taipan
The Taipan is the most poisonous snake in the world. Its venom is 50 times more powerful than that of the Indian cobra and one single bite contains enough of this substance to kill over 100 humans. It can be found in desert areas only, mostly in the region of Queensland. Despite of being so well equipped, this snake is rather shy and it prefers to redraw instead of attacking. There’s nothing to be afraid of, therefore, if you just move on and do not cause it to feel threatened.
9. The scorpion fish
This is a very large family of fishes, which includes the most dangerous species in the world. The name comes from the long dorsal spines containing a toxin which they inject into the victim. This poison may be fatal. The excruciating pain caused by the sting can be eased by hot water but medical attention is required immediately. Regardless of this aspect, they are friendly, and some are very good looking, so you may feel tempted to touch them.
10. the stonefish
The stonefish is the most venomous fish in the world. They are common both in the Ocean and in rivers. Humans may be sting by this fish if they step on them, thinking they are stones. Its venom may be deadly, but hot water is considered efficient for easing the pain and destroying the poison and there is an antivenin available as well. Taking some caution measurements, such as wearing shoes while stepping on stones under water, or cutting the line if you happen to catch one while fishing will protect you from being a victim of this fish.
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