There are many common skin disorders that occur among adults, whether it is, rash, swelling, changes in texture or color or infection. Not only teenagers have a predisposition for skin problems, but also adults come across with various factors threatening the health of the skin.
The skin is the largest organ of the body and is composed of superficial protective barriers, specially designed to prevent the penetration of environmental pathogens in the body. The skin contains glands, nerve endings and blood vessels which are important for normal body functions. When the body suffer, the signs of disease are most often visible on the skin. Here are ten most common skin diseases.
Warts are small growths having the same color as the skin or slightly darker that are attached to the skin tissue and usually appear on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts or in the pelvic region. They tend to develop more frequently in women and the elderly.
Fortunately, warts do not endanger the health and are not painful, unless they are irritated by clothing or skin. Warts can be removed by surgery, freezing or surgical removal with a scalpel / laser.
Contrary to popular opinion, acne is not a dermatological condition that people get rid of after adolescence. It may remain a problem in adulthood when the pores are blocked by sebum, impurities.
Often prevalent on the face, chest, back and buttocks, acne can be favored by hormonal disorders or bacteria. A method of preventing acne aggravation is keeping clean the affected portions and avoiding irritating them (can cause further infection and unsightly scars).
3. Athlete’s foot
This skin condition established in the toes is typical for adulthood and occurs due to a fungal infection, with symptoms including skin peeling, redness, itching, blisters and pustules.
Athlete’s foot is contagious dermatological disease and occurs through wearing contaminated shoes, maintaining a constant moisture of the foot or driving and walking in bare feet. The condition is treated with antifungal lotions and in more severe cases, oral medication.
Folliculitis is characterized by strong and irritated bumps that appear after using the blade, especially in people with curly body hair. The sharp end of freshly shaved hairs can redirect the skin tissue, continued to grow under the skin. In this case, irritation, pimples, and even scarring can occur.
To prevent folliculitis, we recommend a hot shower before shaving, straightening the blade in the direction of hair growth and avoid stretching the skin during shaving.
Shingles starts with burning sensations, itching and increased skin sensitivity then develops in the form of a rash consisting of prominent points which degenerates into painful blisters, which persist for about two weeks.
Shingles usually appears on the trunk and buttocks, but it can expand to any part of the body. Most patients with shingles heal, but the pain, numbness and itching may persist for long periods of time from many months or even years. Treatment includes antiviral drugs, steroids, antidepressants and topical lotions.
Hives is an allergic reaction which often produces itchy red spots, tingling or intense burning sensations. Hives can vary in size and spots may unite expanding on large areas of skin. The causes of hives include administration of drugs with side effects skin, food additives, exposure to extreme temperatures or infections. Antihistamine can relieve symptoms.
Psoriasis is a noncontagious rash, consisting of red areas covered by flaky skin. The condition is usually installed on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back. The rash can heal itself, but reappear throughout life.
Psoriasis has unknown causes, but what is known is that the immune system produces excess skin cells, by autoimmune reaction. Psoriasis treatment includes medication applied directly to the skin, phototherapy, oral drug administration, injectable therapy.
Eczema means a group of non-contagious diseases characterized by inflammation of the skin, redness and itching. Stress, irritants (soaps, detergents etc.), allergens, climate change favor eczema.
In adults, eczema typically occurs on the elbows and hands and in the joints. The treatment is done by administration of oral agents, injectable treatment or lotions.
Rosacea begins with a tendency of rapid reddening of the face, usually amid strong emotional feelings. This dermatological condition is specific in adults and may increase over time, becoming more visible on the face.
In some cases, it is accompanied by thickened of skin, acne and bumps. Treatment consists of specific drugs or surgery, and laser therapy.
Usually brown or black, moles can occur anywhere on the body, alone or grouped. Many of them change their size and appearance over time, becoming more prominent and covered with hair. Moles with irregular edges or abnormal itchy pigment can be cancerous, so it is necessary to evaluate them periodically.