Vlad the Impaler, has been one the most feared leaders in history, and if the rumours about him are true, he was indeed a very cruel and unforgiving ruler. If you want to get to know him better, read the next Vlad Impaler facts, and see what he has done during his life.
Vlad Tepes, also known as the Impaler, was born in Transylvania in 1431 and died in 1476, when he was just 45 years old, and a Romanian director has been made a Vlad the Impaler movie, about his life.
Vlad Tepes was the ruler of Wallachia three times, once in 1448, the second time from 1456 to 1462 and the third time in 1476. The region on Wallachia comprised half of the south of the current Romanian territory. His prince title was Vlad the Third or Voivode of Walachia.
In the Romanian language, Tepes, means the Impaler, and this name has been given to him after his death.
He has received this name after his habit of impaling his enemies, with big stakes, and placing these stakes vertical in the ground. The process of impalement would be done either horizontally or vertically, trough the torso of the body. There were times when thousands of prisoners would be killed in this manner at the same time. It happened that many of them wouldn’t die right away and would live for days in terrible agony.
Wallachia was at the time at war with the Ottoman Empire. Once time, Sultan Mehmet the Second retreated his army after they say 20,000 dead bodies impaled outside Targoviste, the capital of Wallachia.
It is believed that Vlad Tepes has impaled around 100,000 people.
He was the son of Vlad Dracul the Second, which translated means Vlad the Devil, but it has been mostly translated as Vlad the Dragon.He received this name, after he became a member of the order of the dragon,which stood for a Christian group that was fighting the Ottoman sovereignty in Europe. Because of his father’s name, Vlad Tepes has been known as Vlad Dracula, which n translated in son of the dragon, or son of the devil.
Another Vlad the Impaler facts is that author Bram Stocker, borrows his name for his vampire book, Dracula. Stoker had a close relationship with Armin Vambery, a history professor from Hungary, and may have gotten the tips from him. Also, in Romania, there is a Vlad the Impaler castle, called the Bran castle, which has become a great touristic attraction.
Even though he has been associated with Transylvania, this region is at the north of Walachia and was occupied by the Austro Hungarian Empire. During his ruling, Vlad has oppressed the Transylvanian Saxons. He would often make raids behind the border and it has been said that a lot of Transylvanians had been impaled.
When he was a kid, it has been said that he had studied all o the disciplines. He also had a high education when it came to combat and warfare.
His father has been removed from power on 1442, by groups that made an alliance with Hungary. Then, he was obliged to pay a fee to the Ottoman Empire, to obtain their support for hair return to reigning. A condition to the deal was for Vlad and his brother Radu, to go to the royal court of the Ottoman Empire as hostages.
Eventually, his father was murdered by these rival groups, in 1447, by being buried alive together with his son, who was next for the throne.
After this, the Ottomans allowed Vlad to return and claim his place in ruling Walachia. He was accompanied by the Ottomans, who wished to prevent his land from being taken by Hungarians.
After the departure of the Ottomans, Hungarians removed Vlad from the throne and he was exiled in Moldavia, a region in the north east of present Romania.
After the Moldavian ruler was murdered, Vlad had no place to go. He surrendered himself to Janos Hunyadi, the Hungarian leader, who showed mercy and let him live. Since Vlad had great knowledge about the Ottoman Empire, Hunyadi used him as an advisor.
In 1453 Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans, and a war has started between Hunyadi and Sultan Mehmet.In 1456, Vlad was put as a leader of an army, and went to Walachia to regain his throne, and it has been said that he has killed in a one to one combat, the Hungarian leader who took his place, Vladislav the Second.
His second reign in Wallachia lasted for another six years. While he was at power, he enforced the economy in agriculture and the military. His laws showed no mercy for criminals and thieves, a method he used to restore the balance of the country. He has built new places for them to live and has sustained the local commerce by limiting the exterior trade. The punishment for the noble people who betrayed Wallachia by makin pacts with Hungary, were extremely severe.
After Vlad had been at power for three years, the Pope, wanted to start a crusade against the Ottoman Empire. The leader of this crusade was going to be the new Hungarian ruler, Matthias Corvinus.Vlad made an alliance with him, after the had killed the Ottoman emissaries who had been for a peace treaty.
Starting from 1459 until 1462, Vlad took use of his knowledge he had about the Ottoman Empire, to decimate their movement in Europe. During this time, Corvinus, state out of it and handled the money that he received from the Pope.
When Vlad needed money as was going to be defeated, he asked Corvinus for help, but the money from the Pope had been spent on luxuries. Instead of helping him, Corvinus threw him in jail and wrote a fake letter addressed to the Ottomans, trough which Vlad was requesting peace. After which, he accused Vlad, for being at fault for the loss, and used this excuse for the failure of the war, in his letters sent to the Pope.
Vlad was in jail for 12 years, and his brother, Radu, became the leader of Wallachia, but he was controlled by the Ottomans.
After the death of Radu, in 1475, Corvinus allowed Vlad to rule again.
At a short period after he came back to Wallachia, Vlad was killed during a fight near Bucharest, in 1476. The Ottomans, took his head back to Constantinople and presented it as a trophy. There were rumours claiming that Vlad was once again betrayed by the nobles and they were the ones who killed him.
His exact burial spot, is not known for sure, his grave could be at the monastery Comana, in the south of Wallachia.Another location, which is just an assumption, is a monastery in Snagov.
Vlad Tepes, was married two times. The identity of his first wife, has remained unknown, but it is believed she was coming from a noble family from Transylvania. She gave birth to their son, Mihnea cel Rau. After he got out of prison, he got married for the second time, with a Hungarian woman, Ilona Szilagyi, who was also coming from a noble family. They had two boys, but none of them have ever ruled the country.
Vlad Tepes is famous in Romania for defending the country against the Ottoman domination. In Western Europe he is considered cruel and atrocious leader, who found great pleasure in brutally executing his enemies. This beliefs have started mainly from German stories which have portrayed him as a very sadistic person. However, Russian writings describe his actions as being justified. But the largest amount of information has been written by Romanian writers, and in the Vlad the Impaler biography.
Image Source: Wikipedia,STUDIOBIN,bun ziua BRASOV,hotel alpine,ISTORII REGASITE,CINEMARX,Wikipedia, GIZMODO, bucurestiivechisinoi